Scripture Reference: Leviticus 25: 25-50, Ruth 1-4, Ephesians 1:1-8, Jeremiah 31:3
Redemption has many definitions. The phrase “to redeem” has many meanings, but in a general sense, there is always an exchange of something for something else. There is always a price. In the Old Covenant, as explained in the Book of Leviticus, if a family sold their possessions or land because they were poor or if a person sold himself as a slave, he was redeemed by a kinsman or he was released in the year of jubilee.
Redemption has a connotation of going back to your original state; going back home to your possession. A price is paid so that the person being redeemed can go back to freedom and get back what belonged to him.
Christ came for us and fulfilled the role of near kinsman by redeeming us from slavery to sin. John 8:32 says “whoever sins is a slave to sin”. Through the sin of one man, Adam, all became sinners Romans 5→ and our destiny eventually became death for the wages of sin is death Romans 6:23↓.
But Christ in His great and infinite love and grace came and paid the price of sin. He redeemed us from slavery to sin. He brought us from death and restored life to us all. Through His sacrifice, it was an affirmation that God had given us an inheritance, making us His sons forever.
Christ did not only fulfill the role of a kinsman redeemer but also declared a perpetual jubilee, the year of release for the captives Christ did not only fulfill the role of a kinsman redeemer but also declared a perpetual jubilee, the year of release for the captives Isaiah 61:1→He made it such that forever whoever is born of Christ is no longer a slave but a son of God, free from the requirements of the law that demanded that we redeem ourselves through our actions Colossians 2:14→. He became our Redeemer, for we are unable to pay the price, unable to meet the requirements of the law.
The Apostle Peter in 1st Peter chapter 1 while addressing the believers in verse 18 affirms the worth of their redemption. It is not with corruptible things like silver or gold that they [and we] have been redeemed, but with the precious blood of the Lamb without blemish; a pure Lamb to make impure people pure.
We are redeemed not by our actions or by our efforts, but through the beautiful work that Jesus did on the cross that ensures that we can obtain that great inheritance that is kept in heaven for us; that we can walk in freedom from fear knowing that the price has been paid.
In those moments of self-doubt and condemnation, when we are assailed by our inadequacies, mistakes, and past regrets; when sin calls to us and says someone has to pay for, then we look up to Jesus and we say blessed is the Lamb who was slain to redeem us to God Revelation 5:9→.
Jesus fulfills the role of a kinsman redeemer so that we can live in perpetual jubilee, free to return back to our inheritance, free to return home to our King.
The idea of the kinsman redeemer who buys off our debts and returns us to our original state finds its fulfillment in the person of Christ.